History and Culture

Liangyungang City is the remaining ruins ofthe Shaohao’s. During the Xia and Shang dynasties, it was the part ofthe“Eastern Barbarians. In ancient times, it was called Yingzhou. During theQin dynasty, it was called as Quxian. And since the 7th year of Wuding duringthe Eastern Wei Dynasty (in 549), it was called Haizhou. During the Han andTang dynasties, it was the starting point of ‘ Maritime Silk Road’ and was theimportant landing area of Japanese diplomats to the Tang Dynasty when theyvisited Tang dynasty.

Confucius Kongzi once climbed up a mountainhere to enjoy the sea scenery. QinShihuang, China’s First Emperor, inspectedthis region during his tour in the eastern part of his empire and built a stonegate called the “Eastern Gate of Qin”. Scholar Xu Fu sailed eastwards fromLianyungang in search of the elixirs to stay forever young. Been inspired bythe wonderful scenery of Huaguoshan Mountain, Wu Cheng’en wrote the novel ofJourney to the West. Li Ruzhen resided in Banpu and created the novel ofFlowers in the Mirror. A number of famous scholars and poets have had theirworks set in Lianyungang, including Tao Yuanming, Li Bai, Su Shi, Shi Manqing,Lin Zexu and Zhu Ziqing. In the beginning of last century, Mr. Sun Zhongshanpromoted to establish ‘the Eastern Port’ in the strategy of constructing China.In1961, it was renamed as Lianyungang City, which was the provincial city ofJiangsu.